I used National Congress for American Indians history page for my third post. The page discusses what NCAI has done for the Native American people over the past 70 years. The page tells this history by each decade.
The best piece of information I received from this site was the timeline of what the NCAI has done. I first noticed that the pivotal organized protests, gatherings, etc. that the group has done are all very spread out. Between events there is a 5- 10 year dry area where the group has done little to benefit the Indian people. When the events do occur it seems as if the group does not make any drastic changes for the enhancement of the state of Native Americans. In the post there is obvious bias, as it is written by the organization itself. The page glorifies seemingly trivial acts done by the group. For example, the page states that the NCAI had “input” in a memorandum passed by president Clinton in 1994. Although the memorandum was a good thing, the page omits the groups actual involvement. Although this group was the first major native american advocacy organization, which is progressive on its own, they have failed to gain much ground.
This page will be very helpful for writing my research paper. The site paves an outline, and timeline of what the NCAI stood for and their achievements. As I look to tell why AMI was the best activist group this page will definitely help by giving a context of how other activists groups are, and more specifically how NCAI functions.
“Seventy Years of NCAI: From Imminent Threat to Self-Determination.” National
Congress for American Indians. National Congress for American Indians, n.d.
Web. 24 Jan. 2016. <http://www.ncai.org/about-ncai/mission-history/
For my second post I utilized the book Like a Hurricane: The Indian Movement from Alcatraz to Wounded Knee. The chapters I looked into were “Yellow Thunder” and “The American Indian Movement”. “Yellow Thunder” discusses what happened in the case of Yellow Thunder and AIM’s reaction. The chapter “The American Indian Movement” narrates the history of AIM by looking into AIM’s leaders.
The chapter “Yellow Thunder” focuses on an incident that occurred in Omaha in 1968. Four white men beat a Native (Yellow Thunder) to death. Accordingly, the family of Yellow Thunder contacted the authorities, however, they did not do much. In a desperate attempt for justice, a family member drove to Pine Ridge to ask AIM for help and they complied. Nevertheless, “AIM kept their promise. Hundreds of AIM members and residents of Pine Ridge drove… south to the Nebraskan town.” Over the span of the next few days, the town filled with Native Americans who ceaselessly protested. As a result, town officials suspended a police officer who treated natives bad in the prison, and created a human rights commission. Although the white men were given a “light charge of manslaughter” AIM left its mark on the town. The city was said to be left “in shock from the days of rage”.
In the chapter “The American Indian Movement” the upbringing of the leaders of AIM is described, and AIM’s general impact is outlined. The chapter tells of how AIM put police radios in cars and whenever an officer was dispatched, to a scene in which a native was involved, they would go as well. It also states that “AIM became experts at providing lawyers”. Later it goes on to describe the life of Dennis Banks, Clyde Bellecourt, and Russell Means and their involvement with AIM. They were all described as “powerful speakers” and excellent leaders. However, it did seem a little bias in it’s description of Russell Means; they seemed to dislike him because Russell attempted to resign from his position. The authors then stated that he caused a “disaster”. Otherwise, the book seems to be very neutral
Overall, this book is a great source that will help me fabricate my information for later this week.
Warrior, Robert Allen, and Paul Chaat Smith. Like a Hurricane: The Indian
Movement from Alcatraz to Wounded Knee. New York: New Press, 1996. Print.
For my first source I used episode 5, titled “Wounded Knee”, of PBS’ documentary series “We Shall Remain”. This documentary had extensive information regarding the American Indian Movement as a whole, and also the activist group’s involvement in the Occupation of Wounded Knee of 1973. In addition, it told the story of Native life since the Wounded Knee massacre and more specifically, the Ogala Lakota tribe.
The documentary began by describing the long list of grievances brought upon by Dick Wilson, including starvation, extreme poverty, and murder. In a last act of defiance they overtook Wounded Knee in an attempt to save their way of life. The film described how the occupation was considered by many to be a revival of Indian Culture and life; “Tecumseh and Geronimo had their day. And we had ours”. It also brought the issues of indian life to national press.
The documentary also focused on the American Indian Movement. It told how they were the most influential Native activist group. The main asset the American Indian Movement had that other groups did not was that they were willing to commit acts of violence. Violence later brought media, which gave the group a strong voice. The Documentary gave insight to the AIM’s role in the occupation. It referenced how the first thing that AIM did after taking over Wounded Knee was contact the media. Had it not been for that, the indians may have never gotten national attention.
Overall, the documentary is a very strong first source that gives foreground to an insurrection that would become on of the most pivotal moments in modern Native American history. Furthermore, it provided lots of information about the AIM and their role in modern Native American History.
“Wounded Knee.” Episode #5. We Shall Remain. PBS. 2011. Television.